Topic 4 Reflections

Information Literacy

The term information literacy encompasses a variety of learning skills, models and processes from a variety of educational theorists. As a whole these theories discuss learners and the research processes that they use when exploring a topic. The definitions that are listed are similar in many ways however there is not one specific terminology that encompass what information literacy is. This is due to consistent and rapid adaptations in technology and the areas that we need to be aware of and fluent in using to demonstrate strong information literacy skills.  In summery information literacy refers to the use of a variety of text and resource sources and who we use these skills to establish knowledge to create lifelong critical learners. Most models focus around, preparing, planning, seeking information, utilising the findings, presenting and evaluating.


There are several key areas to information literacy

* The ability to apply problem solving processes.

* Skills and strategies involved in achieving a positive outcome.

* Increased and improved student outcomes

* More effective implementation of curriculum and teaching design.



Teacher librarians can encourage students to transfer information literacy skills into practice by-

*Demonstrating a positive attitude to using information literacy skills

*Brainstorming as a group- teacher directed- Teacher modeled

*Scaffolding and posters to support independent learning and exploration.

*Encouraging students to seed support or guidance when required.

*Encouraging metacognitive thinking both during and at the conclusion of a lesson/unit. 

*Prompts to encourage students to use strategies that have worked successfully for them in the past. 

*Develop a school wide information literacy program and implement this program systematically across the school in a unified manner. 

*Ensure common expectations and understandings with teachers using an information literacy program. 

*Encourage and prompt students to use their prior knowledge and understandings and link new knowledge to what they already know.


Herring, J. (2011). Assumptions, Information Literacy and Transfer in High Schools. Teacher Librarian; Feb2011, Vol. 38 Issue 3, p32-36, 5p Retrieved from


 Kuhlthau, C. (2013). Information Search Process. Retrieved from


ICT. New Zealand. (2011). Information Literacy Models  and  Inquiry Learning Models.  Retrieved from



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